Creation and Future Legacy of Stockpile Stewardship: Isotope Production, Application, and Consumption

Creation and Future Legacy of Stockpile Stewardship: Isotope Production, Application, and Consumption

Author:  James Hylko & Randell Salyer
ISBN:  9780944838884      ISBN10:  094483888X
Published:  1999 | 285 pp | Softcover

Price:   $ 35.95



With the changing global political climate and the end of the Cold War, the United States nuclear weapons program has shifted from developing/producing new weapons to the dismantlement and maintenance of the existing stockpile. Preserving the safety, security, and confidence in the nuclear deterrent, while the United States continues to provide global leadership in arms control and non-proliferation, will require new and innovative perspectives from health physicists as the stockpile becomes the oldest in the 50-year history of the nuclear age.

Also, there is a concern that the supply of radionuclides for research and development, as well as for clinical practice is insufficient to meet current and projected future needs. The United States presently imports most of its radionuclides from foreign producers. Major advances are projected in radiotherapy with the development of more specific delivery agents such as monoclonal antibodies, antibody fragments, and peptides. These new advances are strongly linked to the availability of research radionuclides and production facilities. In September 1996, the U.S. Department of Energy selected the Annular Core Research Reactor (ACRR) at Sandia National Laboratories, New Mexico, to serve as the production facility for the domestic source of the medical isotope 99Mo. Los Alamos National Laboratory was chosen to conduct the supporting target fabrication operations. The ability to produce 99Mo locally should yield a surplus of 99mTc-based diagnostic agents. Accordingly, the United States has the opportunity to become the global leader in radioisotope production for the next millennium.

This book addresses these and other issues under the following headings:

Stockpile Stewardship–:History, Management, and Safety of Materials

Health Implications of Stockpile Stewardship

Isotope Production, Applications, and Safety

Analytical Techniques

Tritium Enrichment and Production

Space Applications

Sealed Sources, Recycling, and Transmutation

Instrumentation, Monitors, and Devices

Environmental Implications of Stockpile Stewardship

External Regulation of DOE Facilities